Project: Plantation Technology for Jigat Species.

(Under the Annual Action Plan 2018-2019 of BTSG – KFRI)


The unsustainable exploitation of natural resources for production of jigat mainly from Litsea and Persea species has resulted in a severe crunch in raw material availability for the agabatti industry. The solution lies in cultivation of the species on a large scale instead of depending on the wild resources. Integrating the cultivation into agroforestry practises will also help improve the resources as well as supplement the livelihood of farmers. Such an approach would require developing propagation and cultivation practises for the important species. The standards propagation techniques using seeds will also have to be supplemented with clonal propogation methods so that superior accession in terms of quality, higher yields and adaptability to different climatic factors is facilitated. Methods of vegetative propogation and micropropogation are ideally suited for the purpose.

A package of practises to undertake cultivation of the species either as plantations or in agroforestry is necessary to enable farmers or forest departments to take up such ventures with ease. Standardisation of nursery practise will have to be taken up for the different species since they are not conventially planted species.

Pilot plantations of the selected species in suitable locations in forest and non-forest areas including agroforestry systems will help serve as demonstration plots as well as sites for standardizing harvesting operations. Various silvicultural regimes will be required to be tested for optimizing productivity and economic viability.

  1. To develop and standardize appropriate propagation methods from seeds, vegetative cuttings and through tissue culture (Wherever needed) of the selected species.
  2. To generate sufficient plants for undertaking plantation trails of the selected species.
  3. To undertake plantation trails in selected agro climatic zones using propagules developed using the different propagation methods.
Expected output:
  1. Standardization propogation procedures for the selected species using seeds or vegetative material (through macro and micropropogation).
  2. Package of practises for nursery technology for the selected species.
  3. Requirements and early performance assessment of plantation trails in the selected species.
    Farmers, Forest departments, Agarbathi industries.